Shortage of Physicians in Rural Areas of the U.S.

My research paper topic/background is pasted below. I’d like to get my data from at least one of the North Carolina schools listed; however the data can be secondary data. I’m sure you may have to change some things, like sources of data, types of data, etc. Yet, it’s imperative that I identify my statistical model and run a test to accept/reject my hypothesis. If you feel the wording of the hypothesis needs to be changed as well, please feel free to change. I’ll also list the graded criteria for this paper. Thank you. My instructor’s requirements: I. Introduction: 15 points for a clear introduction about what you want do and your hypotheses. It should be between 1.5 to 2 pages long in double space 12 font size. II. Literature Review: 10 points for relevant review of literature. You have to have at least 8 relevant literature reviewed and cited. It should be between 1.5 to 2 pages long in double space 12 font size. 2 III. Method: 20 points for a clear application of data analysis tools/methods (regression or any other methods discussed in the class). Explanation of variables, hypothesis test set up, etc. IV. Data : 15 points relevant data V. Results and Discussion: 20 points for clear discussion of results. Test of hypothesis and its results. It should be between 1.5 to 2 pages long in double space 12 font size. VI. Conclusions: 10 points for a clear conclusion. It should be between 0.5 to 1 pages long in double space 12 font size. VII. References : 5 points for consistent/standard references VIII. Tables/Chart/Graphs: 5 points for clear tables and graph Things my instructor wants us to remember to do: Identify topic and problem • Identifying the research questions • Design hypothesis/hypotheses • Find data to test that hypothesis or hypotheses • Write down econometric model • Run regression and perform several test of hypotheses • Present results and discuss. Problem: For my research, the purpose is to address the following problem: There is a shortage of physicians practicing within rural communities of the United States of America. This shortage is even more profound for women physicians. My research has shared that out of the 20% population of people living in rural areas, only 11% physicians practice in these areas. In 2005, the goal of the Association of American Medical Colleges was to increase the medical school enrollment rate by 15% in 15 years. However, increasing enrollment by 15% does not guarantee an increased population of physicians practicing in rural areas. I have narrowed my population down to the state of North Carolina, as I believe the entire United States (U.S.) population would be too large for me to study. I am focusing on physicians who graduated from medical schools in the state of North Carolina but have moved on to practice in rural areas. My research thus far has shown me that there are many factors influencing the career choice or specialty and practicing locations of physicians. Some include the medical school experience, residency programs, and compensation. The influencing factor that my research has focused on is the curriculum of medical students and if that curriculum includes instruction on rural healthcare (independent variable). Research Question: Would the number of women choosing to practice in rural areas of the United States increase if a rural healthcare curriculum was included in their medical school programs? To help answer the research question, my recent efforts have been focused on literature review that support physicians choosing to practice in rural areas, most specifically women physicians (dependent variable), and the medical educational background they received. The focus has been intensely driven towards medical school curricula that include education on physicians practicing in rural areas. I have researched medical school curricula at the following medical schools: University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Duke University, and Campbell University, and East Carolina University Hypothesis: My hypothesis is that there will be more women physicians practicing in rural areas if they have been exposed to a rural healthcare curriculum in medical school or rural healthcare education while in professional practice Key Words: The key words that I have been using to conduct my research include: physicians, women, medical school curriculum, definition of rural, rural healthcare, career choice, practice location Data Sources: My research thus far has focused on data coming from the Association of American Medical Colleges, Medline Data, and Medical Journals with rural healthcare topics. I have looked at a large population group of physicians (age 30-45) and the review of secondary data and surveys completed by physicians practicing in rural areas. I am finishing my literature collection and capturing the data. My steps include the statistical model/test, analyze the data, report results, and accept or reject my hypothesis.

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