Gordon’s focus areas of function health include health perception-health management, nutritional- metabolic, elimination, activity-exercise, sleep-rest, cognitive-perceptual, self-perception-self-concept, role-relationship, sexuality-reproductive, coping-stress tolerance and value-belief (Pender, Murdaugh, & Parsons, 2015).
Nurses utilize Gordon’s focus areas of functional health across the lifespan to develop a care plan and determine the most effective care interventions (Pender et al., 2015). Health management includes all of the others areas of functional health and the main goal is to promote self-care (Baixinho et al., 2016). Each area of function health focuses on different intervention based on the patient’s diagnosis (Baixinho et al., 2016). For example, the functional area of nutrition includes patients with dysphagia and would include interventions such as speech evaluation, elevation of the head of the bed up to 70 degrees, avoidance of small particle foods and thickening of liquids (Baixinho et al., 2016). On the other hand, the functional area on elimination includes patients with urinary dysfunction and would include intervention such as educating patients on wearing easier to remove clothes in case of incontinence and Kegel exercises, intermittent catheterization, and the use of urinary external devices (Baixinho et al., 2016).
Gordon’s areas of functional health set up an outline for nurses to follow and guides them to a nursing diagnosis, which will narrow down the appropriate nursing interventions (Huittzi-Egilegor, Elorza-Puyadena, Urkia-etxabe, & Asurabarrena-Iraola, 2014). The nursing diagnosis is based not only the patient’s current or potential problem but also on promotion and improvement of the patient’s health (Edelman, Kudzma, & Mandle, 2014).
How do they impact the nursing diagnosis?
How do nurses utilize those functional health patterns across the lifespan?
What are Gordon’s focus areas of functional health?
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